The northeast region is not known for its vast agricultural resources.
Therefore, the region is not normally associated with ethanol and
However, the region can and will produce "first generation" biofuels.
For example, an ethanol plant in northern New York is planning to
import corn to produce 100 million gallons of ethanol per year.
Biodiesel production is also moving to the northeast region. Several
biodiesel plants are planning to produce the fuel from recycled
cooking oil, locally grown oil seeds such as canola, as well as
imported feedstocks. Most people do not realize that canola is grown
as a rotational crop in Maine, and mustard seed is a viable crop
in the northeast region.
Source: National Biodiesel
Second Generation Biofuels
Second generation biofuels are those produced from next generation
feedstocks. Second generation ethanol would be produced from cellulosic
materials such as switch grass, corn stover and woody biomass.
Feedstock availability for second generation ethanol production
is not isolated to agricultural regions. An industry leader in ethanol
produced from second generation feedstocks is headquartered in Norwell,
Source: US DOE
Second generation biodiesel would be produced from algae or other
oil-rich plants viable in the northeast. The industry leader in
biodiesel produced from algae is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
In addition, the northeast region (led by Massachusetts) is home
to the second largest cleantech industry in the country, only slightly
behind the west coast.
Source: Cleantech Venture
With substantial private sector capital flowing into this sector
as a result of biofuel growth, the northeast region has the opportunity
to capture biofuel dollars with the right policy vision.